Scoops are insects of the Lepidoptera family, which has over 35,000 species and varieties. Scoops are widespread everywhere – representatives of the family are found both in the Arctic tundra and in arid deserts. For gardeners and gardeners, scoops are, first of all, malicious pests of cultivated plants. Scoops cause significant damage to yields and the quality of vegetable products, and the most harmful is the most popular group – biting moths. This group includes a number of species of butterflies that lead a nocturnal lifestyle – winter, exclamation, marsh (potato), garden, caradrin.
Description of Scoop
All species of scoops are polyphages (polyphagous insects capable of feeding on numerous species of plants). The family of scoops includes butterflies of various sizes, mostly painted in gray, brown or dark colors. Their front wings are longer than the hind wings, mostly narrow, with a particular pattern called the “scoop pattern”.
The basis of the figure is winding transverse lines and three spots: annular, kidney-shaped and wedge-shaped. The hind wings are most often light gray, red or blue with black bandages. In a calm state, the wings of the butterfly are folded roof-shaped.
Butterflies fly in the evening or at night, and very rarely during the day. Caterpillars spend most of their life in the soil, gnawing the roots of plants or eating their parts above ground at the very surface of the soil. They feed on leaves and root crops, making cavities (hollows) of irregular shape in them, without damaging the skin.
In addition to potatoes, they are dangerous for beets, carrots, onions, peas, beans, and many other cultivated and wild species. On vegetable crops, four types of scoops are most often found: winter, exclamation, garden, and cabbage.
Exclamation Point Scoop
Exclamation scoop (Agrotis exclamations) – small butterflies (with a wingspan of 30–40 mm). The main color of the front wings is from gray to brown-gray, with spots at the base in the form of an exclamation mark. Caterpillars are dark gray, medium in size, about 30 mm long. The biological features of development in an exclamation scoop are the same as in winter. It damages all vegetables, but most often cabbage and carrots.