If one day, when examining your favorite plants, you notice an insect that looks like a flat aphid or shell, then you should know that you got a scaled shield. Do not panic and immediately throw your favorite plant out of the house. He can still be helped. But first, you need to understand what a scale insect is and how it is harmful. The shield is a very serious enemy of the grower, especially the beginner. This enemy is terrible in that at the initial stage of development, it is extremely difficult to detect since it is mobile and small insects. Immediately we can say that a thorough and regular inspection of plants is the best way to prevent and control the scale.
We, Will, Analyze a Little More Detailed the Shield Itself and Methods of Dealing With It
Types of scale insects are quite numerous, and the difference between them is in size and color. But everyone has a common sign – a shield of wax, which covers the body, and which gave the basis for the name of this pest. It is not worth describing all types, because there are quite a lot of them and this is not interesting to everyone, but it is worth mentioning that there are false shields. But, despite their name, they cause no less harm.
What Is the Danger of Scale Insects?
The body of the scale is only 5 mm, but this does not make it less dangerous. The whole danger lies in the fact that it sucks out all the juices from the plant after it settles on it. The result is falling, drying out of the leaves, and sometimes the death of the plant if nothing is done. Conventional methods of controlling the scale shield may not produce any results since a shield made of wax makes it immune to many chemicals. There are many cases when the war with this enemy was completely lost. But, in fact, not everything is so scary. After all, the shield can be defeated even in the very last stages. But this requires enormous patience, time and the right approach.
Signs of a Scab
As mentioned above, the scale insect is very difficult to detect at an early stage, because it is a rather small insect that moves very quickly. Although it is the active movement that betrays her. And even if you do not have sharp eyesight, you can use a magnifying glass. At the next inspection of the plant, you cannot fail to notice movement along the trunk and leaves of the plant. After this, a preemptive strike must be applied immediately. But adult scale insects can easily be seen with the naked eye, even if you have poor eyesight. They often appear at the junction of the leaf cuttings to a branch or trunk, and their favorite place is the bottom of the leaf. Scabies looks like specks on leaves, trunks, etc.
Still, there are times when the grower did not see them. But there is no need to despair because the next sign of the attack of the scale insect is very pronounced. A sticky liquid (the so-called pad) begins to appear on the leaves, and sometimes it becomes so much that this pad begins to flow down the leaves on the windowsill. This becomes especially noticeable when the scale insects attack the lemon. Because of this sticky fluid, the situation is made worse by the fact that a sooty fungus develops on it. The list of plants (indoor plants) that can easily be attacked by a scale insect is very large. These are many of the ivy, citrus fruits, palm trees, oleander, croton, ficus, yucca, dracaena, pachistachis, and fatty. But this is only the beginning of the list…